Pure Sciences & Research

Pure Sciences & Research Job Family includes life sciences which encompass the study of living organisms and physical sciences, which deals with non-living matter. Careers here involve the study of natural phenomenon through observation, experimentation and the use of scientific methods.

Career Inclinations

Developmental
It refers to an orientation to look at the big picture and come up with unique ways of doing things. This requires one to do considerable research, thinking and modelling.
Research
It refers to the orientation to carry out extensive research on a topic that one is passionate about. It involves a lot of reading, analysis and in-depth subject knowledge.

Remuneration that an individual receives monthly for his/ her professional services

Division of an individual’s time and focus between working and leisure activities

Opportunities given to an individual to scale upwards in the organization

Opportunities given to an individual to travel and interact with experts in a professional setting

Opportunities given to an individual to innovate on new ideas and projects at work

Job Roles

1. Biologist

A Biologist studies living organisms to understand the underlying mechanisms that govern their functioning. The field is generally broken up into subcategories like microbiology and physiology.

Career Road Map

  • School
  • Graduation
  • Job and Career

At school level, a combination of Physics, Chemistry and Biology is important. A good academic background in Science holds a high degree of importance in this field. For admission in a bachelor’s degree from a top college, the candidate should have passed in class 10+2 or its equivalent exam from recognised Board with minimum 50% marks.

To pursue higher studies, student can take up Bachelor of Science in Biology/Biological Sciences or a related discipline followed by Master of Science in Biology/Biological Sciences. For careers in advanced research and teaching, a PhD is recommended. Click here for the top colleges.

Biologists can take up developmental positions at universities, research positions and other advanced opportunities in Biology, Zoology, Biophysics or Microbiology. One can also pursue a career in number of biological fields like bio-environmental studies or bioengineering.

2. Chemist

A Chemist is a scientist trained in the study of chemistry.  Chemists study the composition of matter and its properties.

Career Road Map

  • School
  • Graduation
  • Job and Career

At school level, a combination of Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics/Biology is important. A good academic background in Science holds a high degree of importance in this field. For admission in a bachelor’s degree, the candidate should have passed in class 10+2 or its equivalent exam from recognised Board with minimum 50% marks.

For advanced studies, the student may pursue Bachelor of Science in Chemistry/ Bachelor of Science in Biochemistry followed by Master of Science in Chemistry/ Master of Science in Biochemistry. A PhD can also be earned to get into academia and increase good job prospects. Click here for the top colleges.

Chemists can be employed in academic institutions, industries like chemical industry and the pharmaceutical industry and government laboratories. Primary tasks may include research, sales and marketing of chemical products and chemistry-related instruments, and/or technical writing. Chemists with a Ph.D. are found typically in the R&D department of an organization and can also hold university positions as professors.

3. Forensic Scientist

Forensic Scientists work in criminal investigation to collect, preserve and analyse scientific evidence during an enquiry.

Career Road Map

  • School
  • Graduation
  • Job and Career

At school level, a combination of Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics/Biology is important. A good academic background in Science holds a high degree of importance in this field. For admission in a bachelor’s degree from a top college, the candidate should have passed in class 10+2 or its equivalent exam from recognised Board with minimum 50% marks.

To pursue advanced studies, the student may take up Bachelor of Science in Mathematics/ Bachelor of Science in Physics/ Bachelor of Science in Chemistry/ Bachelor of Science in Biology and later Master of Science in Mathematics/ Master of Science in Physics/ Master of Science in Chemistry/ Master of Science in Biology. Click here for the top colleges.

Forensic Scientists can work in government agencies, hospitals, universities or private organisations and often work closely with lawyers and law enforcement agencies. Some of the areas of specialisation include working as facial reconstruction artists, forensic archaeologists and forensic multimedia analysts.

4. Geologist

A Geologist is an expert in the field of geology which is the study of what the Earth is made of and how it was formed.

Career Road Map

  • School
  • Graduation
  • Job and Career

At school level, a combination of Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics/Biology is important. A good academic background in Science holds a high degree of importance in this field. For admission in a bachelor’s degree from a top college, the candidate should have passed in class 10+2 or its equivalent exam from recognised Board with minimum 50% marks.

For higher studies, the student may pursue Bachelor of Science in Geology followed by Master of Science in Geology. Click here for the top colleges.

Geologists can be employed in upper-level research and teaching positions depending on the area they choose to focus on. Specialisations may include mineralogy, volcanology, hydrology or oceanography. Employment opportunities are available in the Oil and Gas, Mineral, Environment, Government and Education sectors.

5. Mathematician

A Mathematician uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics in his/her career to develop and understand mathematical principles, analyse data and solve real-world problems.

Career Road Map

  • School
  • Graduation
  • Job and Career

At school level, a combination of Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics is important. A good academic background in Science holds a high degree of importance in this field. For admission in a bachelor’s degree from a top college, the candidate should have passed in class 10+2 or its equivalent exam from recognised Board with minimum 50% marks.

To pursue advanced studies, the student can take up Bachelor of Science in Mathematics followed by Master of Science in Mathematics. A PhD can also be earned to get into academia and increase good job prospects. Click here for the top colleges.

Mathematicians can specialise in applied mathematics, abstract mathematics, teaching and consulting. Apart from these they can also work as computer programmers or system analysts and in finance as quantitative analysts or financial analysts.

6. Physicist

A Physicist is a scientist who is trained in physics which is the study of nature, especially how matter and energy behave. There are two types of physicists- Experimental and Theorists. Physicists are interested in the root cause of different phenomena ranging from sub-atomic particles to cosmological matter, and frame their understanding in mathematical terms.

Career Road Map

  • School
  • Graduation
  • Job and Career

At school level, a combination of Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics is important. A good academic background in Science holds a high degree of importance in this field. For admission in a bachelor’s degree from a top college, the candidate should have passed in class 10+2 or its equivalent exam from recognised Board with minimum 50% marks.

To pursue higher studies, one may opt for Bachelor of Science in Physics/ Bachelor of Science in Mathematics followed by Master of Science in Physics/ Master of Science in Mathematics. An PhD can also be earned to get into academia and increase good job prospects. Click here for the top colleges.

A physics degree can be a good starting point for a career in scientific research, and in a range of careers in the Education, Business, Finance, IT and Engineering sectors. Some of the major applied physics fields include environmental geophysics, gravitation, nuclear physics and physics education. Theoretical physicists are almost exclusively employed in academia.

7. Statistician/ Actuary

Actuaries and Statisticians apply mathematical and statistical methods to assess risk in insurance, finance and other industries. They also help businesses and clients develop policies that minimise the cost of risk.

Career Road Map

  • School
  • Graduation
  • Job and Career

At school level, a combination of Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics is important. A good academic background in Mathematics holds a high degree of importance in this field. For admission in a bachelor’s degree at a top college, the candidate should have passed in class 10+2 or its equivalent exam from recognised Board with minimum 50% marks.

For graduation, the student may pursue Bachelor of Science in Mathematics/ Bachelor of Science in Statistics/Actuarial science followed by Master of Science in Mathematics/ Master of Science in Statistics/Actuarial science. The student must also pass a series of exams to become a certified professional. Click here for the top colleges.

An Actuary may specialise in areas such as Health Insurance, Life Insurance, Enterprise Risk Insurance, Property & Casualty Insurance etc. Applicants are typically employed in private or government settings.